Hajj & Umrah Guide

8 ZH
8th Zhul-hijjah

On the morning of the 8th of Zhul-hijjah, the pilgrim should note and do the following: Bath: It is considered holy and is preferred to take a bath before assuming Ihraam. Clothes: Men generally wear white clothes that are comfortable, by wrapping them around the waist whilst and covering the top half of the body. Women are allowed to wear their normal dress, with the exception of gloves and Naqaab. Footwear : Any type of footwear (like Sandals) that does not cover the ankle, can be worn. Hair: Wearing a hat or turban is not allowed. Perfume: Men are allowed to apply perfume to their body only before they make intention. Then the pilgrim should enter Ihraam making the niyyah of Hajj. Once he is on board his transport vehicle, he should call out 'Allahumma Labbayka bi Hajjah' (Here I am, O Allah for the Hajj). He should then start the Talbiyah and go to Mina. It is a Sunnah to reach Mina and pray Dhuhr prayer. If for any reason, you are delayed, then you must pray at your nearest mosque and not wait to reach reaching Mina. On arriving in Mina, it is Sunnah that you stay overnight and complete five prayers, until praying Fajr the next day. You may shorten the prayer in Mina, but not combine it. You should spend the time in praying, making du'aa, reciting the Quraan and talbiyah and remembering Allah.

9 ZH
After the sun has risen, you should leave Mina and go to Arafah. You should continue reciting the Talbiyah on the way. Once you arrive in Arafah, you should wait until the sun is at its highest point after which, the Imam gives a khuthbah. Then you should do the Dhuhr and Asr prayers. You can shorten them both and combine them together if required. It is a Sunnah to keep the khuthbah short and do the prayers early so that you can spend more time in waqoof. You should then begin the Wuqoof (standing, praising and praying to Allah). You should stand facing the Qiblah, raising your hands and making du'a. If you get tired, you can sit down or take a break, though you should spend making du'a as much as possible, especially towards the end of your day. All the area of Arafah is the place of Wuqoof and it is not required to stand near or climb on toMount Arafah. Since Masjid Namirah is partly in the Waqoof area and partly outside, you should be careful if you are doing the Wuqoof inside this Masjid. The Wuqoof of Arafah is a pillar of Hajj and Hajj is invalid without it. You should recite the prayers as many times as possible, making other supplications, whichever you wish. You should continue the Waqoof until the sun sets, after which you can leave Arafah for to go to Muzdalifah. Once you reach Muzdalifah, Maghrib and Isha prayers should be combined, shortening the prayer.

10 ZH
10th Zhul-hijjah
You should ideally stay the night of 10th Zhul-hijjah in Muzdalifah and pray Fajr at its early time. You then should start the Wuqoof of Muzdalifah , which again can be done in any part of Muzdalifah, facing the Qiblah, raising the hands, praising Allah and making du'a. You should try to finish the Waqoof when the day becomes bright and leave Muzdalifah before the sun rises. After that, you should go to Mina for the Rami , i.e. throwing of pebbles (on Jamarat al-Aqabah only). The preferred time for this Rami is soon after the sunrise on the Day of Sacrifice (10th Zhul-hijjah). The time permitted however, is from the mid of the night before the Day of Sacrifice (10thZhul-hijjah) till the sunset. Whoever misses the Rami on this day until sunset should not do it until the Zawaal (when sun shifts from the meridian) on the next day. You should also stop saying the Talbiyah when starting this Rami.

Rami of Jamrat al-Aqabah on the 10th Zhul-hijjah

Rami should be done by throwing seven pebbles, and saying 'Allahu Akbar' on each throw. The pebbles must fall in the basin around the pillar. You should not stay after doing the Rami, and should leave straight away. After the Rami, you should do the slaughter of the animal of sacrifice and then the shaving of the head. Once you have done the Rami, slaughter, and shaving of the head, you should make the first exit of Ihraam. Everything that was prohibited during Ihraam becomes permitted now except sexual relation with your spouse. You should take bath, change your clothes and go for Tawaf al-Ifadah (az-Zyaarah), and Sa'ee for Hajj.

Tawaf al-Ifadah

Tawaf al-Ifadah is similar to the Tawaf of Umrah, but neither uncovering of the right shoulder nor ramal is done in this Tawaf. Tawaf al-Ifadah and the Sa'ee are pillars of Hajj; the Hajj is invalid without either of these. After doing the tawaf al-Ifadah and Sa'ee, the pilgrim makes the final exit from the state of Ihraam. Everything is now permissible as was before entering Ihraam. You should then return to Mina to spend the nights of Tashreeq and to do the Rami of Jamarat.
 
11, 12 ZH
11th and 12th Zhul-hijjah
It is obligatory to spend two nights of Tashreeq in Mina. You should do the Rami of all three Jamarat is done on both these days. You should do Rami by starting from the smallest Jamarah and ending at the large one. This is considered to be the rule. After throwing the pebbles on the first Jamarah (Jamrat al-Ula) you should walk a little further and then stand and face the Qiblah and make du'a raising your hands, for as long as possible. You should repeat the same after the Rami of the middle Jamarah (Jamrat ul-Wusta), but not after the last Jamarah (Jamarat al-Aqabah).

Rami of Jamarat on the days of Tashreeq

The Hajj is complete with the Rami on the 12th Zhul-hijjah i.e. the 2nd day of Tasheeq. You have the choice to either leave before sunset or to stay another night and do the Rami on the 3rd day of Tashreeq (13th day of Zhul-hijjah) as well. You should return to Masjid al-Haram and the last thing you have to do before leaving Makkah is the Farewell Tawaaf. The farewell tawaaf is the same as any tawaf without the Idhtibah, that is uncovering of the right shoulder and ramal. Farewell tawaaf is generally waved off on women in their menstruation of post child birth bleeding. This completes your Hajj